Every entrepreneur who runs a business in which he earns money by transporting goods or people must have a license. It does not matter whether the Romanian transport is carried out by a passenger car, bus, or coach. If the business makes money on it, a license is necessary.
An exception to this rule is the situation in which the entrepreneur transports people in Romania, not for gainful purposes, but, for example, transports his employees from other places to the workplace (for example, to a production hall). However, the vehicle must fulfill two conditions:
- be intended for the transport of no more than 9 people (including the driver),
- its permissible total weight may not exceed 3.5 tonnes.
In this case, it is enough for the driver to have a category B driving license. Emergency medical teams and ambulance services are also exempt from the license.
The license is not for everyone in Romania
You should apply for permission to perform road transport in the poviat starosty. They can be issued for a period from 2 to 50 years, depending on the amount the entrepreneur applies for.
In order to obtain a license, however, you must meet a number of conditions set out in the Road Transport Act and EU regulations 1071, 1072, and 1073. These include:
having a certificate of professional competence (confirmed by an exam) by at least one of the company’s management, Read here https://companyromania.com/business-licences/
- financial capacity,
- good reputation.
The entrepreneur must also have the right to use the vehicles to be transported and confirm that they meet the technical requirements.
The financial capacity referred to in EU regulations is the provision of security in the license application for the equivalent of:
- EUR 9,000 for the first vehicle intended for transport,
- 5,000 euros for each subsequent vehicle in Romania.
For brokerage in the carriage of goods in Romania, the security must be converted into EUR 50,000. This may take the form, for example, of a bank statement or guarantee, security, or an insurance policy. These documents must clearly show that the entrepreneur will be able to meet his financial obligations up to the amount of these amounts at any time in his activity.